Africa has diamonds, the Middle East has oil and many other countries have agriculture. For Singapore, people are our one natural resource.
Singapore is a vibrant, international metropolis, home to a 5.47 million population, made up of citizens, permanent residents and non-residents. Click on a button to learn more!
A can-do attitude, a love for good bargains, personal industriousness - what defines Singapore? What ideals do we strive towards as a society? This is the soul of the nation and it is borne in the spirit of citizens and permanent residents who together number 3.9 million. Scroll down to learn more about our new citizens and PRs.
As healthcare workers tending to the sick, construction workers re-casting the Singapore skyline or scientists broadening the scope of local R&D, non-residents make needful contributions to Singapore's continued growth and dynamism. Scroll down to learn more about our non-residents.
- Work Permit - 46%
- S Pass - 10%
- Employment Pass - 11%
- Foreign Domestic Workers - 13%
- Student Pass - 5%
- Dependants - 15%
Different types of passes and permits are granted to foreigners who come to Singapore to live and work. They make up our non-resident population.
Semi-skilled workers; many are employed in the construction industry.
Mid-level skilled workers in various industries, such as retail, manufacturing and healthcare.
Professionals, managers and senior executives.
Foreign Domestic Workers
Domestic helpers supporting our families.
International students studying in Singapore schools and institutions.
Spouses and children of citizens, permanent residents and work pass holders.
By region of origin and age ( % )
New Permanent Residents - Other Asian Countries 34%, Southeast Asian Countries 55%, Others 10%
Immigrants help sustain our population's youthfulness, while adding cultural diversity to our multicultural nation. Most of them worked or studied here, before taking up permanent residence, followed by citizenship - which means they have been in Singapore for several years!
There was a time when we had such large families that it was challenging for us to feed, and eventually find employment for our children. Now, the reverse is true: our families are getting smaller, and some do not even have children! We haven't been having enough children to replace ourselves, since the late 1970s. How has TFR declined through the decades? Click on the years to find out!
While birthrates in many societies have fallen, some managed to buck the trend - dads are more involved in caring for their children, and there are family-friendly arrangements to help parents manage their work and family commitments. Find out which ones by clicking on the flags!
- Show All
Gauging Life Expectancy
How long an individual will live is anyone's guess, but statistics can give a clue.
What is the life expectancy of a person based on age and gender? Our machine can tell you! Input your age and gender and pull the lever on the left!
Life expectancy around the world
With improving healthcare and living standards, Singaporeans are getting healthier and living longer. Singapore's life expectancy at birth in 1957 was 60 years; in 2013, it increased to 80 years! Here's life expectancy in Singapore, and around the world.
Gearing For Change
Society ages when the proportion of people in the older age groups increases. In Singapore, this is happening rapidly because of our declining birth rates and higher life expectancy. Toggle between the years to find out the trend.
- 3.2% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 19.5
- 4.8% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 24.4
- 7.5% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 29.8
- 10.1% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 34
- 10.1% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 37.4
- 16.7% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 42.1
- 24.1% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 44.7
- 27.4% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 47.5
- 28.2% citizens aged 65 and above | Median Age 49.6
How Fast Are We Ageing
Just how fast is Singapore ageing? It took France 115 years to transit from an ageing society to an aged society. At our current pace of ageing, Singapore will make the same transition in just 19 years.
Gradual pace of ageing over more than a century.
Rapidly ageing society, in a span of two decades.
Braving Future Challenges
With improving quality of life, Singaporeans remain more active than before at their older ages. Nevertheless, an ageing society means there are fewer working age adults for every person aged 65 and above. Click on the years to discover our changing support ratios.
Births and immigration work in tandem to keep our population youthful and stable. Given a range of birth rates (TFR), what is the immigration rate to prevent our population from shrinking? Try your hand at balancing our population with the Pop-O-Meter by adjusting the dials on the meters!