Population TrendsFacts and figures on Singapore’s population in 20181

Total population
5.64 million
Population density
7,796per sq km
Median age
41.7 years
Life expectancy at birth
83.1 years2
Gross monthly income
4,232 $

Source: Department of Statistics and Ministry of Manpower
More information on Singapore's population data and trends can be found in the Population in Brief 2018
2 Life expectancy at birth data is for 2017.
3 Income data is median gross monthly income (including employer CPF contributions) of full-time employed Residents, and is for 2017. 


We want to create a quality living environment so that Singapore will be a great place for Singaporeans of all ages to live, work and play in. This means ensuring that infrastructure development keeps pace with our population needs, public housing remains affordable, and there are attractive public spaces for all to enjoy.


Having an adequate transport capacity is key to ensuring quality living and pleasant commuting experiences. Rail density reflects the extension of our rail network taking into consideration our total population size.

We have seen an improvement in our rail density in recent years.


Ensuring affordable public housing and sufficient housing supply are important in supporting Singaporeans’ aspirations to own their homes and set up families. The Resale Price Index (RPI) reflects the matching of the demand and supply of public housing, and helps us to monitor if public housing remains affordable for Singaporeans.

The RPI declined in 2013 and 2014, and remained stable in recent quarters.

More residents are able to own their homes. The home ownership rates have improved over time.

Green Spaces

Besides ensuring the capacity of our physical infrastructure and balancing our various land use needs, we also want to improve park accessibility so that our people can enjoy more attractive green spaces.

The area of regional parks and total length of park connectors has been steadily rising over the years.