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Population in Brief: What do you need to know?
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Population in Brief: What do you need to know?

PIB2018 cover

Population in Brief (PIB) 2018 has just been released with fresh data on Singapore’s population. It provides key updates and trends on Singapore’s population, particularly in relation to citizen marriages, births and immigration. Here’s a snapshot of what are the key trends:

1. More citizens marriages

In 2017, there were 24,417 citizen marriages, more than the 23,873 citizen marriages in 2016. This was higher than the average of the past decade of about 22,500 citizen marriages.

2. Lower citizen births

There were 32,356 citizen births in 2017, fewer than the 33,167 citizen births in 2016. This was higher than the average of the past decade of about 32,200 citizen births. The resident total fertility rate fell from 1.20 in 2016 to 1.16 in 2017. 

3. Higher proportion of single citizens

The proportion of singles among citizens across most age groups has increased, compared to 2007 (Chart 1). The biggest increase was among female citizens aged 25-29, where the proportion of singles increased from about 6 to 10 in 2007, to 7 in 10 in 2017. For male citizens aged 25-29, this proportion increased slightly to about 8 in 10 in 2017. For most other age groups, a similar trend of rising singlehood was observed.

Singaporeans continue to have strong marriage aspirations and as we see more citizens moving into their late 20’s and early 30’s, we hope to see more of them getting married and have more babies.

Chart 1: Proportion of singles among citizens by age group and gender
Age group
PIB age group

4. Our citizen population continues to age

With increasing life expectancy and low fertility rates, the proportion of our citizen population aged 65 years[1] and above is rising, and at a faster pace compared to the last decade. Large cohorts of ‘baby boomers[2]’ have begun entering the post-65 age range (Chart 2a). Between 2017 and 2018, the proportion of citizens aged 65 years and above increased from 14.4% to 15.2%. The median age of the citizen population rose from 41.3 years to 41.7 years in the same period (Chart 2b).

Higher Proportion of Citizen Population Aged 65 Years and Above
Chart 2a: Age profile of citizen population, as of June 

PIB gender

Chart 2b: Median age and proportion of citizens aged 65 years and above

PIB median age

5. Total population growth rates remained stable and low

The citizen population grew by 1.0%, to reach 3.47 million citizens as of June 2018. The citizen population continues to age, with 15.2% aged 65 and above compared with 14.4% last year. The permanent resident population remained relatively stable at 0.52 million.

The non-resident population remained relatively stable at 1.64 million as of June 2018.

Overall, Singapore’s total population stands at 5.64 million as of June 2018. The total population grew slightly by 0.5% over the past year, mainly due to stable growth in the citizen population.



[1] The benchmark of 65 years aligns with international statistical definitions.
[2] For this publication, ‘baby boomers’ are defined as those born from 1950 to 1964.


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