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Population TrendsFacts and figures on Singapore’s population in 2016

Total population
5.61 million
Population density
7,797per sq km
Median age
40.0 years
Life expectancy at birth
82.7 years1
Gross monthly income
3,949 $2

Source: Department of Statistics and Ministry of Manpower
1 Life expectancy at birth data is for 2015 (preliminary).
2 Income data is median gross monthly income (including employer CPF contributions) of full-time employed Residents, and is for 2015.

The demographics of our population are shifting over time.

Our citizen population is ageing due to low fertility rates and rising life expectancy. Ageing has profound implications on our economy and society. We want our seniors to age well and lead fulfilling lives. To do so, the Government is creating an age-friendly environment to support the needs of our ageing population, and promoting active ageing and positive mindsets towards ageing.

Our population is also more diverse today, with people of different backgrounds and cultures living and working together.

Population

Our total population is made up of Singapore citizens, Permanent Residents (PRs) and non-residents. The non-resident population is a diverse group who are here for work, study or family reasons. As of June 2016, the total population size is 5.61 million.

Our total population growth has slowed. The total population growth rates remained relatively stable and low across the last three years, due to measures taken to slow foreign workforce growth.

Growth in non-resident population has slowed since 2013. In contrast, citizen population grew at a steady pace through births and immigration, while PR population remained relatively stable.

Population Growth by Residency Status

Ageing

The age pyramid of our citizen population has become more top-heavy over the decade. More are entering the older ages while the younger cohorts are shrinking in size. By 2060, it is projected that our citizen population will have an inverted age pyramid.

Age profile of citizen population

What could this trend mean for our future?

The number of citizens aged 65 years and above will more than double between now and 2030, while the number of working-age citizens (aged 20-64) will decline. As a result, there will be fewer working-age citizens to each citizen aged 65 and over. This ratio will fall by more than half from 4.9 in 2015 to 2.3 in 2030.

Read about the impact of ageing on our society and economy.

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